What is Type 1 Diabetes?
When you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks your body. The immune system then destroys the cells that produce insulin. This makes your blood sugar too high. Therefore, you must have an insulin pump with you or you must inject insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is a form of diabetes that anyone can get. Type 1 often starts at a young age, but can also develop later. You may be predisposed to this type of diabetes. An unhealthy lifestyle has nothing to do with this. Type 1 is much less common than type 2 diabetes , but type 1 diabetes has much more impact on your life. That is why it is important to recognize the first symptoms in time.
Symptoms diabetes type 1
You lose weight and don't know why. You feel miserable and sick. You have tingling hands or feet. You are often thirsty and have to urinate a lot. You feel sick or vomit. You are extra hungry or not at all hungry. You cannot see clearly. You are often tired and sleepy. You suffer from infections such as a boil.
Consequences of type 1 diabetes
Your nerves can be damaged. This creates problems with blood pressure, heart, brain and stomach and bowel movement. You may then experience: pain, less feeling, less muscle strength and a poorer sense of balance. You have problems with your feet. Your blood circulation works less well, so you have less feeling in your feet. Your brain ages faster. If you have a wound, it will heal less quickly. Your vision may deteriorate. You can suffer from various skin complaints. Your kidneys start to work less well.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
When you have type 2 diabetes, your body is deficient in insulin. The body also no longer absorbs insulin properly. Insulin is the hormone that regulates blood sugar. In the event of a deficiency, insulin cannot properly regulate your blood sugar level. This keeps too much sugar in your blood. The body first produces extra insulin, but after a longer period of time this becomes less and less. That is why it is important to recognize the symptoms quickly so that you can start treatment.
Unfortunately, this type is more difficult to recognize. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes . Type 2 is caused by heredity, descent, but also overweight. The first step in treatment is therefore eating well, losing weight (if you are overweight) and exercising a lot. By doing this, your blood sugar often goes down.
What is Retirement Diabetes?
In the past, type 2 diabetes was called adult-onset diabetes or old-age sugar. This name was used because it was previously thought that this type of diabetes mainly occurs in the elderly. This is of course because the older you get, the more your body will suffer. The term adult-onset diabetes is now much less used. This is because type 2 diabetes is now much more common in younger people. It may be that more young people now have type 2 diabetes due to the changing lifestyle of the past 50 years.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
You can recognize type 2 diabetes by a number of characteristics:
- You are often tired.
- You need to urinate more.
- You have a dry mouth with thirst.
- You have trouble with your eyes. Think of: redness, burning, blurred or double vision.
- You have shortness of breath or pain in your legs when walking.
- You have infections that come back often, for example a bladder infection.
- You have wounds that heal poorly.
- You have little feeling, pain or tingling in your fingers or feet.
- You feel pain in your chest.
Do you think you have type 2 diabetes? Then contact your doctor.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
There are a number of things that can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes:
- old age,
- little exercise,
- eating unhealthy,
Sometimes the cause can also be unclear. Research is still being done on this.
Prevent old-age diabetes
To prevent type 2 diabetes, you need to keep a close eye on your blood sugar level. You can do this by:
- pay close attention to what you eat
When you eat well, you are at a healthy weight and often feel fitter.
- taking medicines
These medicines cause your blood sugar to drop.
- inject insulin (if this is part of your treatment)
your lifestyle Making changes to your lifestyle can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Think of getting enough exercise, eating healthy and eating less salt and saturated fats.
What is Blood Sugar?
Blood sugar is also referred to as blood glucose. The body mainly obtains blood sugar from food. Carbohydrates that you eat enter the blood as glucose. This blood sugar travels throughout the body and provides your cells with energy.
The body keeps the blood sugar level exactly in balance, not too much and not too little. With diabetes , this balance is disturbed and your blood sugar is too high. Treatment is then required to lower your blood sugar.
When is your blood sugar too high?
If your blood sugar is too high, this is also called a hyper . Your blood sugar is too high if it is above 9 mmol / l. Too high blood sugar can be caused by:
- eating or drinking more carbohydrates than usual,
- less movement than usual,
- being sick, fever, vomiting or diarrhea,
- medicines (that increase blood sugar).
When is your blood sugar too low?
Low blood sugar is also called a hypo . Your blood sugar is too low when it is below 4 mmol / l. Low blood sugar can be caused by:
- not eating enough, or eating too late,
- more physical exertion than usual,
- too many tablets or insulin,
- too much alcohol,
- not taking medicines at the right time,
- a warm environment,
- not injecting insulin properly.