Compression therapy

What is Compression Therapy?

Compression therapy literally means ‘pressure treatment’. It is the application of back pressure when there is a build-up of fluid in tissue that leads to swelling (an edema). This is the most important treatment for moisture control in the legs and / or arms.

Examples of compression therapy are:

bandaging (this is a washable or non-washable bandage that is applied with pressure)
wearing a velcro stocking (a wrap)
wearing a therapeutic elastic stocking (TEK)

What is Edema?

Edema is an abnormal build-up of fluid in the tissue. This moisture accumulation occurs as a result of an imbalance between the supply and discharge of moisture. This increases the blood pressure in the leg vessels. As a result, the vessels and vessels dilate and varicose veins develop.

Moisture in the legs makes the skin vulnerable, which can cause a wound to occur more quickly. To prevent wounds, it is important that the edema is controlled. This is done through compression therapy with compression materials .
Types of edema

There are different forms of edema:

Lymphedema (venous edema, also known as CVI)

Due to a disturbed discharge and supply of fluid, there is an abnormal accumulation of proteins and fluid in this species. This condition is caused by: heredity, surgery, trauma, after the use of certain drugs, radiation, varicose veins and cancer treatment. This condition can also be congenital.
With a lymphatic system you have complaints such as:
o Swelling,
o Tired feeling in the legs,
o Heavy feeling in the legs,
o Pain in the legs,
o Skin abnormalities.


A lipedema is a chronic condition that mainly occurs in women. This is especially visible with hormonal fluctuations, during puberty or after pregnancy. The subcutaneous fat is not evenly distributed over the hips, thighs and legs. These fat cells also attract moisture, causing edema.

After your legs have been treated with compression therapy and your edema has almost disappeared, you will be fitted with therapeutic elastic stockings (TEK) (depending on what your treating physician has agreed with you).
Range of compression equipment

Therapeutic Elastic Stockings, popularly also called support stockings, are prescribed when the blood drainage in your legs is not optimal (for example due to dilated veins or thrombosis or damage to the lymph vessels). This can cause fluid to remain in your arms and / or legs, this is called edema. Often an edema is reduced with bandages. To prevent new edema formation, your treating doctor can prescribe therapeutic stockings. This can include other compression aids such as Velcro bandages.
Measuring compression stockings

On the basis of the information provided by the attending physician, a bandaging specialist will discuss with you which remedy is best for you. Your wishes are taken into account as much as possible.

The bandage technician will measure your legs and determine which type of stocking or compression device is most suitable for your situation. On delivery, the bandagist will put on the stocking or the compression system and check that it is properly fitted. You will be instructed on how to put on and take off the stocking or compression system yourself and how to maintain it. You can also ask your questions to the bandagist.

Is it difficult to put on the stocking yourself? Then the bandagist and an occupational therapist will look at a donning and doffing aid with which you can put on or take off your stocking yourself.

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